One of the appealing reasons for using Proxmox VE as your hypervisor is that one can configure their system to obtain a TLS certificate for https from Let’s Encrypt on a regular basis.
At the time of writing, I am running Proxmox VE version 7.2-4. The name of the node for this article will be
I have a dynamic DNS zone (i.e.
acme.example.net) running BIND for the purposes of enabling ACME clients (acme.sh) to update the dynamic zone with the appropriate
TXT record. A
CNAME will be created in the “top-level” zone (
example.net) such that querying
_acme-challenge.pve.example.net will be answered by
In PVE, go to Datacenter > ACME and then click Add under Accounts to register an ACME account.
The next step is to add a Challenge Plugin. On the same screen click Add under Challenge Plugins.
nsupdate (RFC 2136)
Since I am using
nsupdate as the DNS API, I generate a key locally:
$ ddns-confgen -a hmac-sha256 -k pve.example.net. -q > pve.key
Transfer the key to PVE to the location specified in
NSUPDATE_KEY. Below are the user/group and permissions for reference.
# ls -l /var/lib/pve/nsupdate.key
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 128 Jun 21 19:43 /var/lib/pve/nsupdate.key
Now go to the node itself under Datacenter. Go to System > Certificates. Under ACME, click Add.
Select DNS as the Challenge Type, select nsupdate as the plugin, and enter the PVE host’s domain.
Since we have delegated the actual records to another DNS zone, we need to make one small change to the (PVE) node’s configuration. Under the DNS Validation through CNAME Alias of the documentation:
set the https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Certificate_Management#sysadmin_certs_acme_dns_challenge
alias property in the Proxmox VE node configuration file
To do that, I ssh-ed into the node (as root), opened
nano, and added
alias=pve.acme.example.net to the end of the line that has the domain (in my case, it was the line that started with
# cat /etc/pve/local/config
CTRL+O) and Exit (
Back in the web interface, in the Certificates screen (Datacenter > Your node (pve) > System > Certificates) you should be able to select the domain and click Order Certificates Now.
At this point PVE should be able to create a TXT _acme-challenge record in the (delegated) dynamic DNS zone, Let’s Encrypt should be able to validate it, and we should be able to get an TLS certificate for https.